3D Glossary

The terms partly refer to Wikipedia, were adjusted and do not warrant a correct or complete interpretation. The purpose is to provide basic information about Computer Graphic, Interactivity and 3D.  

3D Trend Information technology is increasingly enhanced by real-time 3D functionality, due to the trend towards

a) digitization and the growth in software utilization for commercial projects and consumer products,

b) maturation and adoption of future-proof ISO standards,

c) enhanced visualization on cutting-edge displays,

d) increasing usage of sophisticated graphics in the communication and transfer of information,

e) growing demand for interactive technologies,

f) rapid dissemination of high-performance consumer hardware and broadband Internet access

Internet-ready, real-time 3D software will progressively penetrate traditional industries and consumer markets. 

ActiveX is a plugin and a description for a computer program, that can be linked to an other softwareproduct. It is not an Add-on but it is completing a software, without being a Software itself. BS Contact is a Plugin respectively an ActiveX Control.
Ajax Asynchronous JavaScript and XML is a group of inter-related web develop-ment techniques to create and exchange small interactive applications between a server and a browser. This technique is an important tool for Web 2.0 applications as it increases the page's interactivity, speed, functionality and usability. When data are collected from a server, the entire web page does not have to be reloaded each time.
Annotations are metadata (comments) of a software programmer adding annotations to source codes to give explanations to other programmers, or to potential readers of the code. But it can also be a reminder for the author for possible improvements.
Application In computer science, an application is a computer program designed to help users perform a certain type of work and thus an application differs from an operating system that runs the computer.
The exact delineation between system software such as operating systems and application software is not precise, however, and is occasionally subject to controversy.
API (Application Programming Interface) is a software source codeinterface, supporting applications required by other software programs. APIs are available either in a particular programming language, or can be called from several other programming languages. This is a desired feature for a service API style not bound to a particular process or system. BS SDK is a detailed and extensive API developed by Bitmanagement to support users of BS Content.
Augmented Reality (AR) is the composition of computer generated 3D-immatary with real-time video and includes both virtual reality and real-world elements. Advanced methods include motion-tracking, special marker recognition with monitoring of any data volume, any number of sensors and actuators as render-performance is essentially independent from data volumes. AR has clear connections with the ubiquitous computing (UC) and with wearable computers.
Avatar is an artificial person or a model used in 3D computer games, a two-dimensional icon (picture) used on Internet forums and other communities, or a text construct found in early multi-player games (MUDs).
Binary Binary digits are a basic unit of information storage and communication in digital computing and digital information theory.
Binary represents two numerical values, usually 0 and 1. Owing to its straight-forward implementation in digital electronic circuits using logic gates, the binary system is used internally by all modern computers.
Bit is a binary digit, taking a value of either 0 or 1. For example, the number 10010111 is 8 bits long, or in most cases, one modern PC byte. A byte is a collection of bits, originally differing in size depending on the context but now it is most of the time an eight-bit byte.
Blender is a 3D animation program released as free software. It can be used for modeling, unwrapping of U and V coordinates, texturing, rigging, water simulations, skinning, animating, rendering, particle and other simulations, non-linear editing, compositing, and creating interactive 3D applications. Bitmanagement supports each 3ds max and Blender by BS Exporter.   
Blog is a website, usually maintained by an individual, with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other information such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse chronological order. A Blog can also be used to maintain or add content to a blog. Many blogs provide commen-tary or news on a particular subject, others are more personal online diaries.
Browser is a software application enabling a user to display and interact with text, images, videos, music and other information typically located on webpages, websites or in a local area network. Text and images on a webpage can contain hyperlinks to other webpages at the same or different website. Web browsers allow users to quickly and easily access information provided on many webpages at many websites by traversing links.
BS Contact Realtime 3D Client describesinteractive Visualization on the Internet. BS means Bitmanagement Software und Contact a group of products for interactive 3D Clients.
Bumpmapping is a computer graphics technique resulting in a richer, more detailed surface that more closely resembles details inherent in the natural world. Programmers of 3D graphics sometimes use computationally cheaper fake bump mapping techniques in order to simulate bump mapping. Bump mapping has become popular in multi texturing and video games as graphics hardware became powerful enough to accommodate it.
Buzz isa form of viral Marketing. A successful form of viral marketing is

Multi-Level Network-Marketing (MLNM) : Assigned affiliates recommend a shopping and business opportunity to other consumers and turn their daily expenditures into regular income due to a scheme of profit sharing between a pool of manufacturers and a world-wide growing network of consumers doing tue same BUZZ-business. Good examples include Amway and Mary Kay.

Byte (see also binary digits) is a collection of bits and a unit of measurement for digital information storage, mostly consisting of eight bits. Microcomputers based on 8-bit processors have made eight bits the most common size for a byte. In some computer architectures it is a unit of memory addressing. The term octet is widely used, where ambiguity is neglected.

Cache is a temporary storage area, where frequently accessed data can be stored for rapid access. Once the data is stored in a cache, future use can be made by accessing the cached copy rather than re-computing the original data, reducing the average access time considerably. If a user revisits a Web page after only a short interval, the page data may not need to be re-obtained from the Web server.

Cave is an acronym for immersive virtual reality environment where projectors are directed to three, four, five or six of the walls of a room-sized cube. In a cave the user wears special glasses to see the 3-D graphics generated by the CAVE. With these glasses, used in the CAVE people can actually see objects floating in the air, can walk around them to get a proper view of what the object would look like in reality. The illusion of depth in a photograph, movie, or other two-dimensional image is created by presenting a slightly different image to each eye. Many 3D displays use this method to convey images. Tracking Systems support navigation within 3-dimensional images.

CD-ROM Compact Disc-Read-Only Memory is a Compact Disc that contains data accessible by a computer. CD-ROMs are popularly used to distribute computer software, including games or multimedia applications, though any data can be stored (up to the capacity limit). Some CDs hold both computer data and audio with the latter capable of being played on a CD player, whilst data (such as software or digital video) is only usable on a computer such as enhanced PC CD-ROMs.

Chat Online chats refer to any kind of real time communication over the Internet, but are primarily meant to refer to direct one-on-one chat or text-based group chat (formally also known as synchronous conferencing), using tools such as instant messaging, Internet Relay Chat, talkers ..

Checksum is a form of redundancy check, a simple way to protect the integrity of data by detecting errors in data that are sent through space or time. It works by adding up the basic components of a message, typically the asserted bits, and storing the resulting value. BS Encrypt uses Checksum-Conceps to protect 3D contents.

Client is an application or system that accesses a remote server to collect data from an another computer by way of a network. The term was first applied to devices that were not capable of running their own stand-alone programs, but could interact with remote computers via a network. These dumb terminals were clients of the time-sharing mainframe computer.

BS Contact is a Clientsoftware. 

COLLADA ( COLLAborative Design Activity ) is an interchangefile format for interactive 3D applications. COLLADA defines an open standard XML to exchange digital assets among various graphic software applications that might otherwise store their assets in incompatible formats. COLLADA documents are usually identified with a digital asset exchange filename extension. To use the format Collada programmer can fit to several tools as Google Sketchup, Cinema4D, and Maya etc. With the COLLADA-File Format Designer of Applications with several tools like Google Sketchup, Cinema4D, Maya etc. can develop 3D-models for online-visualization with BS Contact from Bitmanagement.
Collaboration Computer-supported collaboration (CSC) focuses on groups, organizations communities and societies, as teams that work collaboratively to obtain greater resources, recognition and reward when facing competition for finite resources. The server software BS Collaborate supports collaborate applications together with the tuned Viewer BS Contact 7.1.
Communities online communities, or online mobile communities may be defined as a virtual space created by members, using appropriate social software provided and managed by the owner of the service, where all participants have at least one purpose to consume, generate and interact with user With BS Collaborate as Serversoftware and BS Contact as 3D Client-Software established Communities can be extended for 3D images
e.g. by Avatar-Chat.
Commnuity is a group of interacting organisms meeting each other and sharing information via the InterNet. Intent, belief, resources, preferences, needs, risks, and a number of other conditions may be present and common, affecting the identity of the participants and their degree of cohesiveness.
Content is information either textual, visual or aural and may include, among other information as images, videos and animations. Media production and delivery technology may potentially enhance the value of content by formatting, filtering and combining original sources of content for new audiences with new contexts.
Copyleft is a form of licensing and may be used to modify copyrights for computer software, documents, music, and art. A well known Copyleft Licence is the General Public Lincense (GPL). Copyleft is a play on the word copyright and describes the practice of using copyright law to remove restrictions on distributing copies and modified versions of a work for others and requiring that the same freedoms be preserved in modified versions.
Data Compression or source coding is the process of encoding information by using fewer information bearing units (bits) than an not encoded represen-tation would need. The ZIP file format is often used to store many source files
in a single destination output file.
Digital computers to-day process data in a digital form and most of the contents will be established in digital form. A digital system uses discrete, discontinuous values to represent information for input, processing, trans-mission, storage, etc. Digital micro-processors use binary mathematics to process "one" and "zero" signals. Analog systems use a continuous range of values to represent information.
3D graphics create the illusion of depth in 2D-images. 3D computer graphics rely on many of the same algorithms as 2D computer vector graphics do in a wire frame model. 2D applications use 3D techniques to achieve certain effects, and 3D may still use 2D techniques for rendering.
3D modeling describes the shape (layout) of an object. 
3D animation describes motion and placement of objects. 
3D rendering with cutting edge software produces realistic 3D-images.  
BS Contact is a real-time 3D Viewer. .
DVD (Digital Video Disc)is an optical disc storage media format. Its main purpose is video and data storage. Most DVDs are of the same dimensions as compact discs (CDs) but store more than six times as much data.
Editorsoftwareallows certain input of data and rejects others, to avoid input errors. An XML editor is a markup language editor with additional functions to facilitate the editing of XML. Specific XML editors, however, have facilities like word completion and menus and buttons for tasks that are common in XML editing, based on data supplied with Document Type Definition (DTD).
BS Editor supports the development of interactive Contents.
Engine is the core software component of an interactive computer video application with real-time graphics. Applications as CAAD for architectures CAM for machines and geo applications or interactive mappings, navigation tools and GIS interfaces can work with graphic engines like visualization software does in general.
A realtime 3D Renderer like BS Contact “monitors“ a 3 D-Model with the   highest amount of frames per second, necessary to supply the best visual Quality.
Extranet can be viewed as part of a company's Intranet that is extended to users outside the company. It has also been described as a "state of mind" in which the Internet is perceived as a way to do business with a pre-approved set of other people or companies, in isolation from all other Internet users.
Fire Fox Mozilla fire fox is managed by the Mozilla Corporation as a free web browser. It runs on various versions of Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and many other Unix-like operating systems.
Flash has become a popular method for adding animation and interactivity to web pages. When Microsoft made Flash a pre-installed component of IE, the Internet began to shift from a data/information spectrum to on-demand entertainment. Flash is commonly used to create animation, advertisements, various web page components, to integrate video into web pages, and more recently, to develop rich Internet applications. BS Contact supports the use of Flash for 3-D interactive images.
Format is a standard term in IT business for assembling and structuring data
in form of a pattern. VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language is a standard file format for representing 3-dimensional (3D) interactive vector graphics, designed particularly with the World Wide Web in mind.

BS Contact supports several formats of open standards like the ISO Standard Format VRML/X3D or Khronos Format Collada as well as KMZ.

Frontend In software design, the front-end is the part of a software system that interacts directly with the user, and the back-end comprises the components that process the output from the front-end. The separation of software systems into "front-ends" and "back-ends" is an abstraction that keeps the different parts of the system separated.

BS Contact was designed as front end-Software, to visualize 3D-images on the users Client (PC) using data of a backend-system, supplied by e.g. a Web server.

GIS Geographical Information System is a system for capturing, storing, analyzing and managing data and associated attributes spatially geo-referenced. BS Contact Geo is focused on Visualization of Geo-Contents. 

GPL General Public License is a popular and well-known example of the type of strong copyleft license that requires derived works to be available under the same copyleft. With Copyleft users can copy whereas copyright does not allow that.
GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) Modern GPUs display computer graphics very efficiently due to their highly parallel structure. A GPU can sit on top of a video card, or can be integrated directly into the motherboard. More than 90% of new desktop and notebook computers have integrated GPUs. 
GUI (Graphical User Interface) is a type of user interface allowing people to interact with electronic devices like computers, hand-held devices (MP3 Players, Portable Media Players, Gaming devices), household appliances and office equipment. A GUI offers graphical icons, and visual indicators as opposed to text-based interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation to fully represent the information and actions available to a user. The actions are usually performed through direct manipulation of the graphical elements.

A detailed documentation within BS SDK (Software Development Kit) allows the development of interactive GUIs for users of BS Contact.

HMD Head-Mounted Display is a device, worn on the head or it is part of a helmet, having a small display optic in front of one (monocular HMD) or each eye (binocular HMD). Some HMDs have the facility to view a computer-generated image (CGI) superimposed upon a real-world view. Also HMDs are increasingly being integrated into the cockpits of modern jet fighter aircrafts.

HTML is an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. It provides a means to describe the structure of text-based information in a document — by denoting certain text as links, headings, paragraphs, lists, and so on — and to supplement that text with interactive forms, embedded images, and other objects. HTML is written in the form of tags, surrounded by angle brackets. HTML can also describe, to some degree, the appearance and semantics of a document, and can include embedded scripting language code (such as JavaScript) which can affect the behavior of Web browsers and other HTML processors.

HTTP Hyper-Text-Transfer-Protocol is a communications protocol for the transfer of information on the intranet and the World Wide Web. Its original purpose was to provide a way to publish and retrieve hypertext pages over the Internet.

Hyperlink is a reference or navigation element in a document to another section of the same document or to another document that may be on or part of a (different) domain. Tim Berners-Lee saw the possibility of using hyperlinks to link any unit of information to any other unit of information over the Internet. Hyperlinks were therefore integral to the creation of the World Wide Web.

H.263 is a standard of the Internationale Television Union ITU forVideo-dekoding with a compression contained in the standard of MPEG-4.  

H.263 is mainly used for multi-media Video-Meetings where little data and movements are to be focused. 
Immersion is an interactive, computer-created scene (or world) users can immerse themselves. A successful application depends on many factors such as realistic 3D graphics, surround sound, interactive user-input and other factors. The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) defines CAVE as „an immersive virtual reality facility designed for the exploration of and interaction with spatially engaging environments“.
Instant Messaging (IM) is a form of real-time text typed communication between two or more people mostly via the Internet. Some systems allow the sending of messages to people not currently logged on (offline messages) removing much of the difference between Instant Messaging and e-mail. IM allows effective communication, featuring immediate receipt of acknowledgment or reply. In certain cases Instant Messaging involves additional features like seeing the other party by using web-cams, or to talk free over the Internet.
Interactive Television (I-TV) represents a conjunction from low interactivity (TV on/off, volume, changing channels) to moderate interactivity (movies on demand without player controls) and high interactivity where an audience member can modify the performance being watched.

A return path to the program provider is not necessary to have an interactive program experience. As digital technology becomes more accessible to the masses interest in interactivity is increasing and becoming a cultural trend.

Interactivity In a communication process a message is interactive, when a message is related to a number of previous messages and to the relationship between them. In computer science, interactive refers to software which accepts and responds to input data or commands.

Intranet is a private computer network using Internet protocols and network connectivity to share internal company information just with its employees.

IP-Address (Internet Protocol Address) is a unique computer address in order to identify and communicate with each other utilizing the Internet Protocol standard (IP). Some IP addresses are intended to be unique within the scope of the global Internet, while others need to be unique only within the scope of an enterprise.

ISO (International Standardization Organization) is an international-standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations. Founded on 23 February 1947, the organization promulgates world-wide proprietary industrial and commercial standards. It is headquar-tered in Geneva, Switzerland. BS Contact supports the ISO Standard Format VRML/X3D.

Java Script is a scripting language most often used for client-side web developments. It was the originating dialect of the ECMAScript standard. It is a dynamic, weakly typed, prototype-based language with first-class functions. JavaScript was influenced by many languages and was designed to be easier for non-programmers to work with.

Java SE (Java Standard Edition)is a programming platform used in the Java language, to deploy portable applications for general use. Java SE consists of a virtual machine, using Java programs, together with a set of libraries allowing the use of file systems, networks, graphical interfaces.

KML Keyhole Markup Language, is an XML-based language to express geo-graphic annotation and visualization on existing or future Web-based, two-dimensional maps and three-dimensional Earth browsers. KML was developed to use it with Google Earth, and was originally named Keyhole Earth Viewer.

KMZ is a zipped data compression Format (ZIP) immediately acceptet by a client. KML files are very often distributed as KMZ files, which are zipped KML files with a .kmz extension. When a KMZ file is unzipped, a single "doc.kml" is found along with any overlay and icon images referenced in the KML. The MIME type associated with KMZ is : application/ BS Contact supports KMZ.

Latency means responsiveness in human–computer-interaction (HCI) which is the study of delay time interaction between users and computers.

Layer The following four layers are maybe the most common layers in a logical multi-layered architecture in object-oriented design :

1) User Interface Layer (View Layer or GUI layer)

2) Application Layer (Service Layer or GRASP Controller Layer

3) Domain Layer (Business Layer, Business logic Layer or Model Layer)

4) Infrastructure Layer (data access or other technical services). 

Links connect one location with another for the purpose of transmitting and receiving data. Backlinks are incoming links. Deep links lead directly to a page within another website. Inline linking accesses directly a content within another website.
Mashup is a web application that combines data from more than one source into a single integrated tool. An example is the use of cartographic data from Google Maps to add location information to real-estate data, thereby creating a new and distinct web service that was not originally provided by either source.
Mesh Modelling is a large sub-field of computer graphics. The variety of operations performed on meshes may include boolean logic, smoothing, simplification, and many others. Network representations, streaming and progressive meshes, are used to transmit polygon meshes over a network.
A polygon mesh is a collection of vertices, edges and faces that defines the shape of an object in 3D computer graphics. The faces usually consist of triangles, quadrilaterals or other simple convex polygons, since this simplifies rendering,
Metadata or meta informationis "data about data", of any sort in any media.An item of metadata may describe individual information, content item, or a collection of data including multiple content items.
Metaverse is a virtual world, where humans, as avatars, interact with each other and software agents, in a three-dimensional space that uses the metaphor of the real world. The word metaverse is a compound of the words "meta" and "universe".   
Modules Modular programming is a software design technique that increases the extent to which software is composed from separate parts, called modules. Conceptually, modules represent a separation of concerns, and improve maintainability by enforcing logical boundaries between components. Modules are typically incorporated into the program through interfaces. A module interface expresses the elements that are provided and required by the module. The elements defined in the interface are visible to other modules. The implementation contains the working code that corresponds to the elements declared in the interface.
MPEG-4 ( Moving Picture Experts Group ) is a collection of methods defining compression of data. It provides improved coding efficiency - ability to encode mixed media data (video, audio, speech) - error resilience to enable robust transmission - ability to interact with the audio-visual scene generated at the receiver. H.263 and ITU define also standards for audio-video compression and are included in the specification of MPEG-4. 
MUD (Multi-User Dungeon, Domain or Dimension) are multi-player games that combine role-playing games, hack and slash computer games and social chat rooms. Modern graphics-based online games as World of Warcraft, and social avatar virtual worlds such as Second Life can be considered as MUD variants, where players usually interact with each other and the surroundings. 
Multiuser-System defines an operating system or a software application that allows access by multiple users to one or more central computer systems. Management Information Systems are implicitly designed to be used by multiple users. Multiuser-Software wie BS Collaborate ermöglicht im Umfeld der 3D Welten, dass 3D Repräsentationen (Avatare) sich und ihre jeweiligen Bewegungen erkennen können.
Nurbs (Non-Uniform RationalB-Splines) is a mathematical model commonly used in computer graphics for generating and representing curves and surfaces of any kind and form either artificial or in nature.
OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) used in relation to the manufacturing and marketing of products. Usage of the phrase is not consistent, but it typi-cally relates to a situation in which one company uses a component made by a second company in its own product, or sells the product of the second company under its own brand.

As a visual frontend application BS Contact can be adjusted to a customers Look and Feel and the OEM can be integrated in any application.

See also BS Customizing Program. 

Occlusion In computer graphics the term is used to describe an object closer to the view port masks or an object further away. It is used to remove hidden surfaces before shading and rasterizing take place.
On-line and off-line have specific meanings with respect to computer technology and telecommunication. The concepts have been extended from their expert-meanings into the area of human interaction and conversation.
Pixel is the smallest piece of information in an image. Pixels are normally arranged in a regular 2-dimensional grid, and are often represented using dots or squares. Each pixel is a sample of an original image, where more samples typically provide a more accurate representation of the original.
The intensity of each pixel is variable; in color systems, each pixel has typically three or four components such as red, green, and blue, or cyan, magenta, yellow, and black.
Physics-Engine is a computer program that simulates Newtonian physics models, using variables such as mass, velocity, friction and wind resistance.

It can simulate and predict effects under different conditions that would approxi-mate what happens in real life or in a fantasy world. Its main uses are in scientific simulation and in video games.

BS Contact supports Release 7 Physics.
Plug-in is a computer program that interacts with a host application (a web browser or an email client) to provide specific function "on demand". Applications support plug-ins for many reasons : enabling third-party developers to extend applications, to support features yet unforeseen,
to reduce a sizes of applications, and to separate source codes from applications with incompatible licenses. BS Contact ist eine Plugin-Software. 
Podcast is a series of digital-media files distributed over the Internet using syndication feeds for playback on portable media players and computers.
The term podcast, like broadcast, can refer either to the series of content itself or to the method syndicated.
Program interface is a conjunction between two systems usually defined by a language-dependent API (application programming interface).
Push-Transactions Whenever new contents are available the server would "push" information out to the user. Messages and files are pushed to the user as soon as they are sent to the service.
Realtime The term is used when real time (in a real world) corresponds with model time defined in a software program. Usually a display is slower in responsiveness than the input device (measured in milliseconds).

With interactive computer graphics, a user is in control of what is about to be drawn on the display screen using an input device to provide feedback to the system. BS Contact enables users to create interactive Visualization online and in realtime.

Rendering In the graphics pipeline, it is the last major step, giving the final appearance to the models and animation. In 3D computer graphics, the terms graphics pipeline or rendering pipeline most commonly refer to the current state of the art method of raster rendering as supported by commodity graphics hardware. The graphics pipeline typically accepts some represen-tation of a three-dimensional scene as an input and results in a 2D raster image as output. The two basic operations in realistic rendering are transport (how much light gets from one place to another) and scattering (how surfaces interact with light). This is usually performed using 3D computer graphics software or a 3D graphics API.

BS Contact is a real time 3D-viewer for interactive online rendering.  

RSS (Really Simple Syndication) is a family of Web feed formats used to publish frequently updated content such as blog entries, news headlines, and podcasts in a standardized format. An RSS web-feed document (channel) contains either a summary of content from an associated web site or the full text. RSS enables users to up-date web sites in an automated manner by piping new data into special programs or filtered displays.

Semantic Web is an evolving extension of the World Wide Web translating information into a web and unser defined language, to enable both - the computer and the user - to understand and apply web contents.

Some elements of the semantic web are expressed as prospective future possibilities that are yet to be implemented or realized. Other elements are expressed in formal specifications, some of these include Resource Description Framework (RDF) and notations such as RDF Schema (RDFS) and the Web Ontology Language (OWL), all providing formal description of concepts, terms, and relationships within a given knowledge domain.

Server provide services in many IT-business applications. For example a webserver can be a computer program, that is responsible for accepting HTTP re-quests from web clients, known as web browsers. A client is a system that accesses remote servers to collect data from other computers in a network.
Shader is a set of software tool used to perform 3-D-rendering-effects.
Shaders allow 3D application designers to program the new GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) allowing more flexibility in advanced GPU features.
Software describesa collection of computer programs, procedures and documentation performing certain tasks on a computer system. The term includes application software such as operating instructions, which interface with hardware to provide services for application software, and middleware to control and co-ordinate distributed systems. "Software" sometimes is also used in a broader context to mean anything which is not hardware but used with hardware. (film, tapes, records).
Solutions Bitmanagement has developed software solutions enabling customers to enhance their products and concepts with interactive Web-3D-Software through quality technology, extensive know how and comprehensive support. 
SQL (Structured Query Language) is a database computer language designed for the retrieval and management of data in relational database management systems.
Stereoscopy or 3-D imaging is any technique capable of recording three-dimensional visual information or creating the illusion of depth in an image.

To present a slightly different image to each eye, also modern industrial photo-graphy may use 3D scanners to detect and record 3 dimensional information with meaningful depth from two images. BS Contact Stereo supports Stereoscopy for e.g. „normal“ VRML/X3D Models.  

SURF (Speeded Up Robust Features) is a robust image descriptor used in computer vision tasks. SURF is faster than SIFT and more robust against different image transformations than SIFT. SURF is based on sums of 2D Haar wavelet responses and makes an efficient use of integral images.
Syntax is the study of principles and rules for constructing sentences in natural languages. Sometimes the term syntax is also used to refer to rules governing the behavior of mathematical systems, such as logic, artificial formal languages, and computer programming languages.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) These are two of the most important protocols first defined as networking protocols. It is a set of communications protocols that implement the protocol stack on which the Internet and most commercial networks run.
Texture In 3-D-Visualization programmers prefer texturing, as modeling in detail can be time and cost consuming. Basically texture refers to the properties held and sensations caused by the surface of objects received through the sense of touch.
Tracking in a 2 dimensional image defines the position of the feature across a series of frames. This series is referred to as a track. Once tracks have been created they can be used immediately for 2D motion tracking, or to calculate 3D information.
Trigger is a standard for interactive programs, reducing the amount of data required in background calculations to focus events to the viewing position.
Ubiquitousdescribes pervasive computing, ambient intelligence, or more recently, information : everyware. Ubicomp is a (post-desktop) mobile-model of human-computer interaction integrated into everyday objects and activities and also refers to the Internet of Things, haptic computing, and things that think. The Internet of Things refers to a, usually wireless and self-configuring, network between objects, such as household appliances in institutional, commercial or industrial settings.
UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System is one of the third-generation (3G) cell phone technologies. The most common form of UMTS uses W-CDMA as the underlying air interface and it is the European answer to the ITU IMT-2000 requirements for 3G cellular radio systems.
UV mapping is a 3D modeling process to make 2D images representing
a 3D model. The map transforms the 3D object onto an image known as a texture. "U" and "V" are the coordinates of the transformed object. It creates
the effect of painting the image onto the surface of the 3D object.
Vector is a format in computer-graphics using geometrical primitives such as points, lines, curves, and shapes or polygon(s), based upon mathematical equations, to represent images. Vector graphics are complementary to raster graphics, representing images as an array of pixels, as typically used for photo realistic images. A special software for vector-graphics drawings is used to create and edit vector graphics.
Viewer is a computer program that can display graphical images; it can often handle various graphics file formats. Such software usually renders the image according to properties of the display such as color depth and display resolution. BS Contact is a real time 3D-viewer for interactive online rendering. 
Virtual reality (VR) is a technology which allows a user to interact with a computer-simulated environment, be it a real or imagined one. Most current virtual reality environments are primarily visual experiences, displayed either on a computer screen or through special or stereoscopic displays, but some simulations include additional sensory information, such as sound through speakers or headphones.
VRML Virtual Reality Modeling Language is a standard file format to represent 3-dimensional interactive vector graphics, designed particularly with the World Wide Web in mind. VRML97 first was used on the Internet on some homepages and sites such as "CyberTown" for 3D-chats using Blaxxun Software. The Web3D-Consortium has been formed to promote a collective development of the text file format, specifying vertices and edges for a 3D-polygon along with the surface color, UV mapped textures, shininess, transparency, and so on. VRML later has been re-engineered as X3D.
With BS Contact and modern Standard PCs photo realistic imaging solutions are possible in real time.
(VRML) X3D is the ISO standard XML-based file format representing

3D computer graphics. It is the successor to the Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML). X3D features extensions to VRML the ability to encode the scene using an XML syntax as well as the Open Inventor-like syntax of VRML97, and enhanced application programmer interfaces (APIs). X3D defines several profiles (sets of extensions) for various purposes, such as X3D Core, X3D Interchange, X3D CAD, X3D Geospatial and X3D Immersive, and browser makers can define their own extensions prior to submitting them for standardisation by the Web3D Consortium. There is a well developed ISO-draft, to store X3D-Data in binary files.

Web3D Consortium is a none-profit organization of members to collectively define and develop the X3D royalty-free open standards file format and runtime architecture. Since 2002 Bitmanagement is active as a member of the Web3D Consortium in Monterey, USA and actually belongs to the Board of Directors.

Whitepapers refer to documents used as a marketing or sales tool and will always highlight information favorable to the company authoring or sponsoring the paper. Today the commercial version is the most common type of white papers. Whitepapers generate sales leads, establish thought leadership, make a business case or just educate customers. White papers, when written objectively, are often regarded as a credible source of information. Bitmanagement has distributed whit papers about a number of subjects like Geo-and Stereo Visualization, 3D for Marketing agencies or 3D-Multi-User-Worlds.

Workflow is a term used in computer programming to capture and develop human to machine interaction. Workflow software aims to provide end users with information to describe complex processing of data in a visual form, much like flow charts but without the need to understand computers or programming. Bitmanagement has developed several Workflow-Tools to support a 3D-Applikation, that - fitted with a software solution (Interactive 3D Client) - will be distributed to the user via CD OMs or via the Internet.

XML (Extensible Markup Language is a general-purpose specification for creating custom markup languages. It is classified as an extensible language because it allows users to define their own elements. Its primary purpose is to facilitate sharing of structured data across different information systems, particularly via the Internet. It is used to encode documents and to serialize data.

ZIP is a popular loss less data compression and archival format. A ZIP file contains one or more files that have been compressed, to reduce their file size, or stored as-is. A number of compression algorithms are permitted in zip files but as of 2008 only DEFLATE is widely used and supported.

BS Contact works with zip.-files.
Bitmanagement Software GmbH

November 2009